Causes of Ovarian Cancer

The real causes of ovarian cancer are unknown, but researchers have various suggestions of what they think leads to the disease. Studies conducted on victims of this disease suggest that a family history of the disease is indicative of the possibility of other family members developing the disease.

Major causes of Ovarian Cancer


Advancing age is also one of the causes of ovarian cancer. Women below 50 years have a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer while the risk is much higher for those above 60 years of age. Failure or inability to give birth is another cause of the disease. Ovarian cancer afflicts women who have never given birth more than it does those who have. Studies suggest that the risk goes lower the more a woman engages in childbearing.

Fertility Drugs and History of Cancer

Research into what causes ovarian cancer also suggests that a woman’s history of having other forms of cancer also increases the risk of developing ovarian cancer. Those who have suffered breast cancer are at risk of getting ovarian cancer, as are those who have had cancer of the colon.

Another of the causes of ovarian cancer is the use of fertility drugs. These drugs, which are used to help women ovulate, are suspected to increase the risk of developing ovarian cancer. Also, application of talc in the woman’s genital area increases the risk of developing ovarian cancer. HRT, or hormone replacement therapy, is also included in the list of what causes ovarian cancer. HRT is mainly undertaken by women who have reached menopause and is thought to increase ovarian cancer risk.

Mitigating Factors

Studies into what causes ovarian cancer also attempt to find ways in which the risk of developing the disease can be reduced. Some of the factors which have been found to mitigate ovarian cancer risk include breastfeeding. Also, the use of birth control pills reduces the risk. These two factors are considered useful in reducing the danger of developing the disease because they reduce ovulations. Reduction of ovulations during lifetime of a woman is found helpful in helping fight ovarian cancer.

As a result, all the factors that contribute to lessening ovulations will be an aid in reducing the risk of ovarian cancer. Other factors that reduce the risk include tubal ligation and hysterectomy. The latter, which is the removal of uterus, is considered a necessary consideration for women who think they risk developing ovarian cancer from their family history